Tao Te Ching and Libertarianism
Most articles out there on Taoism are completely mistaken. This one isn’t too horrible:
The Tao Te Ching isn’t the same as Taoism and the translation of the TTC cited is misleading but, otherwise, there is some truth to the assertion that the Tao Te Ching is the birthplace of libertarianism.
The Tao Te Ching advocates self reliance of the citizenry including the right to bear arms and emphasizes the importance of giving the citizens freedom and avoiding war whenever possible for the sake of national prosperity.
However, the Tao Te Ching does advocate the maintenance of a large standing army.
In this sense, the Tao Te Ching is not a pure libertarian ideal.
Definitely cutting edge philosophy many centuries before its time!